Born on February 19, 1872 in Georgensgmünd/Bavaria
Murdered in the Theresienstadt ghetto concentration camp on April 9, 1943
Interned in Weißenstein in November 1941

Martha was born the fourth of six children; her parents ran a butcher’s shop and her father was also the head of the local Jewish community for several years. At the age of 23, she married Jakob Neumark, a distant relative; two years later, her daughter Irma was born, followed a year later by her son Otto. The family lived in Georgensgmünd, where Martha became a widow after 35 years of marriage.

Martha Neumark (Photo: Archive Georgensgmünd)

In the 1930s, she witnessed her hometown being poisoned by Nazi racism. After her grown-up children had already moved away, Martha also left the town in 1934 and moved in with her daughter in Heilbronn. In 1937, she settled in Stuttgart, initially together with her daughter and her daughter’s family. After her daughter Irma, married name Dreyfuß, fled to France, Martha stayed behind alone, but had to leave her original home in the following years.

At the beginning of November 1941, Martha Neumark was sent to the Schloss Weißenstein forced residence, where she was interned until August 1942. She was sent to the Theresienstadt concentration camp via Stuttgart, where she endured nine months of hardship. Her life ended on April 9, 1943.

See also the Stuttgart Stumbling Stone biography of Martha Neumark.

(07.07.2023 kmr/ww)